October 15, 2011 - 9:00 pm
Check List 30 elements of success for waterpoint development in Africa
What does a successful community water supply system in Africa look like? The four broad areas below outline what makes a water point work – and keep working.
- A competitive contracting market exists – and a choice of contractors is available
- Appropriate technology has been selected – in consultation with local people – and is suitable for the geo-technical characteristics of the site (such as shallow well vs pumped borehole vs rainwater harvesting).
- Contractors are technically proficient – have a track record – and are able to construct good-quality infrastructure.
- Proper quality control/supervision of construction is available and is effective.
- The community water management committee is strong – understands the options available and is representative and attentive to both men’s and women’s views.
- There is an agreed process for fixing access rights and prices.
- People are willing to pay the agreed price.
- Income is recorded correctly.
- Funds are safeguarded against misuse and accumulate year on year.
- There is a process for resolving conflicts.
- Access for the poor or vulnerable is protected.
Repair and maintenance
- Two community members are trained in basic maintenance and management of the water point
- Maintenance practices are properly understood by all community members.
- Everyone understands how to use the pump properly and reduce wear and tear.
- Revenues are sufficient to pay for recurrent repairs and any investment required for a new or upgraded system
- There is a clear process for deciding on a repair/investment.
- There is clear responsibility for who calls for a mechanic and when.
- Skilled mechanics are available.
- Repair costs are known and a market exists.
- The mechanic can source spare parts in a timely fashion.
- There is a rapid mechanism, such as cell phone number, for contacting mechanics.
- The committee regularly accounts transparently to the community about how it has used funds.
Local government (community/district)
- The status of all existing water points is known and in the public domain.
- The existing coverage of water supply and sanitation in the area is known and in the public domain.
- There is a process for prioritizing budgets/interventions and coordinating NGO/donor contributions.
- Capacity exists to contract and supervise works.
- Decision makers are accountable to their constituents.
- Processes are in place to share knowledge and experience on water and sanitation between communities in the District/County.
- Good technical advice is given and available to communities to help them solve water point problems.
- Communities are empowered to find solutions to their own water and sanitation issues.